Optimal Care Pathways
A Victorian Department of Health and Human Services partnership.
“The purpose of this work is to improve patient outcomes by facilitating consistent cancer care based on a standardised pathway of care. The pathways are applicable to care whether it is provided in a public or private service. The principles and the expected standards of good cancer care are not expected to differ, even though treatment regimens may vary from patient to patient for a whole variety of reasons.” – Professor Robert Thomas OAM Chief Advisor Cancer, Department of Health and Human Services – Victoria
The Victorian Primary Health Networks Alliance (VPHNA) has been commissioned by the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to support an integrated approach to the implementation of the lung, colorectal, prostate and oesophagogastric Optimal Care Pathways (OCPs) for cancer.
VPHNA has entered into agreements with all six Victorian PHNs to implement the OCPs in their catchment. State-wide project management and coordination is provided by VPHNA to ensure a consistent approach, enable collaboration and information sharing, and avoid duplication of work where possible.
This initiative aligns with key PHN activities and interests in a range of ways, including:
- The PHN national headline indicators to improve cancer screening rates and to reduce avoidable hospitalisation
- PHN priorities including population health, supporting the health workforce, eHealth, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health
- PHN roles in relation to General Practice engagement, health pathways development, and integration of care for catchments and communities.
Each individual PHN is responsible for planning and implementing the project activities within their region, taking into account the specific needs and demographics of their population identified through their local Health Needs Assessment.
What are Optimal Care Pathways?
Optimal Care Pathways are national guides that describe the best possible cancer care for patients with specific types of cancer. The pathways describe the key stages in a patient’s cancer journey, from diagnosis to survivorship or end-of-life care, and the expected optimal care at each stage to ensure all people diagnosed with cancer get the best care, regardless of where they live or have cancer treatment.
Currently there are fifteen OCPs for different cancers. Developed by clinical experts in collaboration with consumers, the Optimal Care Pathways have been endorsed by the National Cancer Expert Reference Group, Cancer Australia, Cancer Council Australia, and the Australian Health Ministers Advisory Council (AHMAC).
The primary purpose of the OCPs is to improve patient outcomes by facilitating an understanding of the whole cancer pathway and its distinct components to promote quality cancer care and patient experiences.
OCPs provide clinicians and health administrators with an agreed consistent nationwide approach to care that is based on current best practice including clinical guidelines, consensus statements, standards and research.
- Provide a mandate for service improvement
- Are useful in deciding how best to organise service delivery to achieve the best outcomes for patients
- Can drive service improvement priorities such as reducing unwanted variations in practice
- Are relevant across all jurisdictions and have been adopted nationally
- Are not intended to be or to replace detailed clinical practice guidelines
Integrated Cancer Services
The eight geographically based Integrated Cancer Services (ICS) across Victoria are also working on projects to implement the OCPs into acute care settings. The ICS work across the same four main activity areas: customisation and further development to align with the OCPs, education and training, local network facilitation and measurement. As part of this work, ICS are primarily responsible for monitoring and assessing the patient experience of their cancer care. The PHNs and ICS work together at the intersections of primary and acute care.
Implementing the cancer Optimal Care Pathways into primary care
The DHHS has commissioned VPHNA to support the comprehensive and consistent adoption of specific cancer OCPs into primary care. There have been two funding rounds. The first round focussed on lung and colorectal OCPs over 2016 and 2017. The second round will focus on prostate and oesophagogastric cancer OCPs from late 2017 through 2018.
The objectives of this project are to:
- build general practitioner awareness, knowledge and use of the cancer Optimal Care Pathways
- improve collaboration between General Practitioners, cancer specialists and health professionals working in the acute sector
- drive best practice cancer care through the adoption of the OCPs
- identify areas for service improvement through data collection and monitoring.
Implementing the OCPs into primary care has a focus on working with General Practitioners (GPs) and other General Practice staff on prevention and screening, diagnosis and investigations, referral to cancer specialists and acute care, primary care treatment and support for lung and colorectal cancer patients post-acute care, and the acute-primary care interface.
A fundamental component of the project is the partnership approach between ICS and PHNs to identify locally relevant issues or gaps in service and to work together to develop solutions and interventions for local catchments. The PHN and ICS catchment boundaries mean that one PHN may work with multiple ICSs, and vice versa.
There are four main activity areas for each PHN: customisation and development of referral pathways to align with the OCPs, education and training, local network facilitation and data capture/measurement.
In addition, each PHN works with their local ICS and other key stakeholders to identify at least two areas of focus based on an identified problem statement, issue or gap in service. For each area of focus a small specific intervention or project is developed.
If the lung and colorectal OCPs are implemented effectively in PHNs, the expected outcomes for primary health are:
- Enhanced General Practice staff awareness and knowledge of OCPs
- Increased confidence of General Practice staff in applying the OCPs, including referring effectively
- Increased General Practice staff compliance with the OCPs
- Enhanced primary and acute care interface for patients, consistent with the OCPs
- Identification of areas for service improvement
The implementation of the optimal care pathways into primary health project is supported by the Victorian Government.